Republic Bank (Ghana) Limited (RBGH.gh) 2016 Annual Report

first_imgRepublic Bank (Ghana) Limited (RBGH.gh) listed on the Ghana Stock Exchange under the Banking sector has released it’s 2016 annual report.For more information about Republic Bank (Ghana) Limited (RBGH.gh) reports, abridged reports, interim earnings results and earnings presentations, visit the Republic Bank (Ghana) Limited (RBGH.gh) company page on AfricanFinancials.Document: Republic Bank (Ghana) Limited (RBGH.gh)  2016 annual report.Company ProfileRepublic Bank (Ghana) Limited, formerly known as HFC Bank Limited, is a financial services institution in Ghana offering banking products and services for the investment, corporate, retail and mortgage sectors as well as solutions for asset management, property management and development services. The company is focused on 4 segments: consumer, mortgage, corporate and microfinance banking. Mortgage banking services include home equity, home purchase or improvement mortgages and public-sector home schemes. Investment banking services include asset management, financial advisory, brokerage and managed funds. The commercial division offers a full-service product and service offering including home, education, executive and business loans and foreign trade and document processing services. Private banking services include cash management, investment accounts, mortgage facilities and safe custody services. Republic Bank (Ghana) Limited also provides foreign currency, institutional finance and electronic and mobile banking services. Republic Bank (Ghana) Limited is a subsidiary of Republic Financial Holdings Limited. Republic Bank (Ghana) Limited is listed on the Ghana Stock Exchangelast_img read more

Camacho signs for Exeter

first_img TAGS: Exeter Chiefs With Camacho the last of Baxter’s summer recruitment plans, the Exeter coach insists he is excited about the look of his squad for the 2011/12 campaign.He added: “We have got some very good players now and if you look at the make-up of the squad, we look strong in a lot of areas. We have clearly moved on again from last season and there is genuinely going to be real competition for places.“I also think we have got a good balance, numbers-wise we are about right with 36 senior players and 10 or 11 academy guys on top of that, so we feel pretty good about things. We have got a lot of our academy guys into Championship clubs, which is going to be good for their development, and I think the key now is to work hard in pre-season with this group of players and make sure we start the season very well.”NAME: Gonzalo CamachoPOSITION: Wing/CentreDOB: 28/8/84BIRTHPLACE: Buenos Aries, ArgentinaHEIGHT: 5’10 / 1.78mWEIGHT: 13st 5lbs / 85kg PREVIOUS CLUBS: Buenos Aries, HarlequinsHONOURS: Argentina (5 caps), Argentina 7s Camacho scores for Quins in the Amlin Challenge Cup final Less than 24 hours after confirming the arrival of Bath lock Peter Short to Sandy Park, Exeter Chiefs head coach Rob Baxter has added another new addition to his playing ranks with the capture of back Gonzalo Camacho from Aviva Premiership Rugby rivals Harlequins.The Argentine international, who can play on the wing or in the centre, follows former Quins’ team-mate John Andress in making the move from the capital to Devon and has put pen to paper on a two-year deal to become Baxter’s ninth signing of the summer.In two seasons at the Twickenham Stoop, the 26-year-old made 30 appearances, scoring a total of 20 points. It was, however, his final five points for the Londoners in May that proved so crucial when his late try helped Harlequins secure a dramatic victory over Stade Francais in the final of the 2011 Amlin Challenge Cup in Cardiff.Welcoming Camacho to the Chiefs, Baxter said: “We have said for some time that we have been looking for a replacement for Nemani [Nadolo] since we knew he left. Interestingly enough and around the same time, Gonzalo came onto the market and it is just a really good fit for us.“He’s a completely different player to Nemani, but also a different kind of player to what we have here already. He’s a smaller, lighter guy, who is more reliant on his footwork and his explosive pace over a short distance. He is a very tough, competitive player – which is obviously very attractive to us – and he’s shown some good form at the time he became available playing very well in a Harlequins side that was also playing very well. As I said, he’s a really good signing for us.”With the likelihood of Camacho being included in the Argentina squad for the forthcoming World Cup, it may not be until October before Chiefs supporters finally get to see the player pull on an Exeter jersey.Baxter added: “Fortunately for him, perhaps unfortunately for us, he’s in the World Cup so it means we will have to wait a little while to see him, but he will join up with us as soon as the World Cup finishes. That said, he has already come down, he’s done a good testing with us; he’s a very good character and I am sure he will fit right in. I believe he gives us a real strong option right across our back three.”Camacho, though, insists he cannot wait to begin life with the Chiefs. He said: “I am very excited about this new experience and coming to live and play in Exeter. I have heard nothing but good things about the club and having played at the stadium in Exeter, I loved the crowd. They are crazy for the team and I love that.“When I came down to Exeter a few weeks ago the people there seemed so friendly. You don’t find that everywhere, but it was an amazing experience. The club too was very nice and the set-up is very professional.”In a final goodbye to Harlequins, however, Camacho added: “Harlequins is a great club with lots of great people. I have made many good friends there and that is priceless for me. Obviously winning the Challenge Cup was another thing that I will not forget easily, but now I am looking forward to my new start with Exeter.”Interest in the signature of Camacho was rife with newly-promoted Worcester Warriors also keen on acquiring the services of the player, who has won five international caps for the Pumas. And Baxter admitted that the Chiefs had to move swiftly to ensure they got the Buenos Aries-born back on board.He said: “The timing was right for us to act. We managed to move quickly and got things wrapped up relatively quickly as well. We have had to wait a little while as he has been back in Argentina preparing for the World Cup, but we’ve got things done and dusted very quickly.”center_img CARDIFF, WALES – MAY 20: Harlequins wing Gonzalo Camacho scores the try during the Amlin Cup Final between Harlequins and Stade Francais at Cardiff City Stadium on May 20, 2011 in Cardiff, Wales. (Photo by Stu Forster/Getty Images) LATEST RUGBY WORLD MAGAZINE SUBSCRIPTION DEALSlast_img read more

Omena House / Danny Forster

first_imgCopyAbout this officeDanny ForsterOfficeFollowProductWood#TagsProjectsBuilt ProjectsSelected ProjectsResidential ArchitectureHousesHousesShermanUnited StatesPublished on October 23, 2009Cite: “Omena House / Danny Forster” 23 Oct 2009. ArchDaily. Accessed 12 Jun 2021. ISSN 0719-8884Read commentsBrowse the CatalogSinkshansgroheBathroom Mixers – Talis SVinyl Walls3MExterior Vinyl Finish – DI-NOC™ Solid ColorPartitionsSkyfoldRetractable Walls – Stepped & Sloped SpacesDining tablesZeitraumWood Table – TautBathroom AccessoriesBradley Corporation USARoll Towel Dispenser – Electronic TouchlessWoodLunawoodThermowood FacadesAluminium CompositesSculptformClick-on Battens in Victoria GardensMetal PanelsLongboard®Metal Ceilings – DauntlessWoodStructureCraftEngineering – Mass TimberPanels / Prefabricated AssembliesULMA Architectural SolutionsPerforated Facade PanelFiber Cements / CementsDuctal®Rainscreen Cladding Panels for Lightweight Facades in Apartment BlockBricksAcme BrickModular Size BrickMore products »Read commentsSave想阅读文章的中文版本吗?Omena House / Danny Forster是否翻译成中文现有为你所在地区特制的网站?想浏览ArchDaily中国吗?Take me there »✖You’ve started following your first account!Did you know?You’ll now receive updates based on what you follow! Personalize your stream and start following your favorite authors, offices and users.Go to my stream Save this picture!+ 18 Share Omena House / Danny ForsterSave this projectSaveOmena House / Danny Forster CopyHouses•Sherman, United States ArchDaily ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/32927/omena-house-danny-forster Clipboard Year:  ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/32927/omena-house-danny-forster Clipboard Text description provided by the architects. Energy, Climate and Construction Strategies Consultant: Kiel Moe Danny Forster Design Studio’s philosophy is that through a blend of intuitive design decisions and technologically enabled design strategies, it is possible to make beautiful sustainable architecture accessible at a reasonable cost. Save this picture!Recommended ProductsWoodEGGERWood-based materials in EGGER HeadquartersWoodLunawoodThermo Timber and Industrial ThermowoodWoodHESS TIMBERTimber – GLT HybridWoodBlumer LehmannFree Form Structures for Wood Projects“While we are well-versed in latest high-tech gadgetry, we see sustainability largely as a matter of careful logic and inventive planning. In other words, why pay for air conditioning if mother nature if dolling it out on the cheap?” Save this picture!Their vision is exemplified in this 2700.sq ft lake house, the first private residence in northern Michigan to achieve LEED gold status, (there are 7 total in the state). The Omena Lake house is a project that combines sophisticated energy modeling software, never-before attempted active systems, and basic common sense design strategies that create a contemporary sustainable home whose goal is to connect its residents to the dynamic site on which it sits. Although flat roofed and geometrically abstract, the house is very much a part of the history of Northern Michigan Lake homes—it’s a modern, sustainable interpretation of the a Lake-side cottage. Save this picture!The main living area has a 15 ft long thermally broken, fully operable ‘Nano-Wall’, which acts as the main wind intake to passively cool the entire house. The interior floors are made of rapidly renewable, locally harvested bamboo. The counter-tops are richlite, made from recycled newspaper. The house is equipped with compact fluorescents, low-flow fixtures, two button toilets, and energy star rated appliances. The façade of the building is clad in vertical cedar. 60% of the home is wrapped in an Ipe-clad rain-screen, used both for solar deflection as well as passive cooling. Save this picture!The house is one of the country’s first to use an in-ceiling hydronic radiant heating AND cooling system – there’s no traditional forced air HVAC, just the geo-thermal powered, thermally-active ceiling that can both heat and cool the house. Also 100 % of the roof surface is covered in a unique vegetative roof, used for both solar deflection and storm water filtration. The house was designed using the energy modeling software Eco-tech, to leverage and calibrate both passive cooling, passive solar, as well as basic site orientation.Project gallerySee allShow lessBIArch presents “Energy Seminar”ArticlesIn Progress: Railway Footbridge at Roche-sur-YonArticles Share “COPY”center_img Architects: Danny Forster Area Area of this architecture project Area:  250 m² Year Completion year of this architecture project “COPY” 2009 Projects Omena House / Danny Forster United States Houseslast_img read more

Overseas fundraising expansion ‘not strategic enough’ says World Fundraising Markets Report

first_imgThe report is based on eight years of research and analysis into global fundraising markets. It covers 75 countries, 42 of them in detail, where fundraising is developing or in various stages of maturity, in seven regional clusters. It includes economic and demographic indicators such as GDP, literacy rates, the banking system and mobile phone penetration, as well as an analysis of the maturity of the different parts of the fundraising market, such as DRTV, DM and face-to-face. The format allows direct cross-comparison between countries. THINK Consulting say that the report has been designed “as a tool to allow international fundraisers to plan their market expansion in a strategic way.”The report found that fundraising is “accelerating” in Eastern Europe, and the Asia/Pacific region is showing “strong growth”. Some areas that have lagged behind the rest of the world are now showing signs of development: South and Central America are recovering following economic recession and there are signs that fundraising is emerging in a few African countries.In the report Bennett describes four different approaches adopted by international NGOs in overseas fundraising. There are pioneers, fast followers, cautious followers, and programme country focus. The latter involves organisations with programme offices in developing countries looking into local fundraising opportunities, and driving fundraising development in many otherwise economically unattractive markets.The 250-page THINK World Fundraising Markets Report 2007 costs £4,500 directly from THINK Consulting Solutions, although THINK clients can buy it for £3,750 until 16 March 2007. AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis  23 total views,  1 views today AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis About Howard Lake Howard Lake is a digital fundraising entrepreneur. Publisher of UK Fundraising, the world’s first web resource for professional fundraisers, since 1994. Trainer and consultant in digital fundraising. Founder of Fundraising Camp and co-founder of GoodJobs.org.uk. Researching massive growth in giving. Howard Lake | 5 March 2007 | Newscenter_img A new report on global fundraising markets compiled by THINK Consulting Solutions reports that many charities are following pioneering international charities into new countries without sufficient strategic market analysis: the result is a form of “me-tooism”.Margaret Bennett, co-author of the THINK World Fundraising Markets Report 2007, said: “There are a number of INGOs that have really led the way in opening up new fundraising markets in the last decade, such as UNICEF and Greenpeace. But a lot of global fundraising growth has been as a result of other charities looking at where these pioneer INGOs [international NGOs] are going, and then thinking: ‘If UNICEF is in there, we should go there too’.”She added that, while more medium-sized charities with international programmes are expanding their fundraising elsewhere in the world in a strategic manner, “many others are still not making a proper assessment of the opportunities and challenges offered by each potential market – and ‘me-tooism’ is one of the major reasons for this.” Indeed, it was this trend that led THINK to produce the report. Advertisement Overseas fundraising expansion ‘not strategic enough’ says World Fundraising Markets Report Tagged with: Giving/Philanthropy Research / statisticslast_img read more

Irish Times compares fundraising costs of 17 charities

Irish Times compares fundraising costs of 17 charities About Howard Lake Howard Lake is a digital fundraising entrepreneur. Publisher of UK Fundraising, the world’s first web resource for professional fundraisers, since 1994. Trainer and consultant in digital fundraising. Founder of Fundraising Camp and co-founder of GoodJobs.org.uk. Researching massive growth in giving. Howard Lake | 22 January 2016 | News AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis Image: pie charts by Iliveinoctober on Shutterstock.com Advertisement A report in the Irish Times has compared fundraising expenditure by 17 charities. At the top of the list is The National Council for the Blind in Ireland which, claims the newspaper, spends a third of its income on fundraising.At the other end of the scale the report showed that elderly charity Alone spent nothing on fundraising and St Vincent de Paul, one of Ireland’s largest fundraising charities, spent just 1% on fundraising.The report, which surveyed 17 charities, focused on how much a charity spent on its services for every €1 donated which included fundraising and governance. On that criteria, the Irish Heart Foundation, with a spend of 28 cents for every euro on fundraising and 8 cents on governance, had the lowest amount allocated to charitable services at 64 cents.Other charities reporting a higher spend on fundraising were the Irish Cancer Society (25 cents) and the Samaritans (24.5 cents).The Irish Times’ report acknowledges that there is no standard definition of the expenditure categories so charities may not be comparing the same things when it comes to costs. Another factor in the percentage spent on fundraising is the amount a charity receives from government, with those charities receiving less state income having to spend more to raise money.Charities which have a charity shop network also typically spend more on fundraising because shops have high overheads, the report notes.  142 total views,  2 views today AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis  141 total views,  1 views today Tagged with: Finance Ireland Research / statistics read more

Physical attack on hardline conservative journalist with intelligence agency links

first_img IranMiddle East – North Africa February 23, 2010 – Updated on January 20, 2016 Physical attack on hardline conservative journalist with intelligence agency links IranMiddle East – North Africa Receive email alerts February 25, 2021 Find out more Follow the news on Iran to go further News News RSF_en Organisation center_img Help by sharing this information After Hengameh Shahidi’s pardon, RSF asks Supreme Leader to free all imprisoned journalists Iran: Press freedom violations recounted in real time January 2020 June 9, 2021 Find out more Call for Iranian New Year pardons for Iran’s 21 imprisoned journalists March 18, 2021 Find out more News Reporters Without Borders condemns an assault on Payam Fazlinejad, a reporter who works for the ultra-conservative daily Kayhan. The official news agency IRNA said he was taken to Bagiolah Azam hospital after being seriously injured in an attack by several individuals on motorcycles on the evening of 21 February in Tehran.“Fazlinejad’s controversial personality and his links with the intelligence agencies do not in any way justify the use of violence against this journalist,” Reporters Without Borders said. “It should be condemned by all those who defend free expression. We urge the authorities to shed light on this case.”Fazlinejad began his career as a journalist working for the weekly Sinema at the end of the 1990s, around the time that Mohammad Khatami became president. He subsequently went to work for the hardline newspaper Kayhan, where he became known for the radical views he expressed in his columns.Since last June’s disputed presidential election, he has often referring ironically to the opposition press and dissidents as “nato-cultural” (in an allusion to the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation). Several journalists and bloggers arrested in the last 10 years have accused him of being an informant for the intelligence services.Kayhan’s current editor, Hossin Shariatmadry, used to work as an interrogator in Evin prison. Ayatollah Khamenei personally put him in charge of the newspaper at the start of the past decade. Kayhan has distinguished itself of late by its frequent attacks on journalists, intellectuals and dissidents, who are accused of being in the pay of foreign interests. Several libel suits were initiated against the newspaper and its editor but were not pursued.Violence against journalists has increased considerably since the start of the protests over the results of the presidential election, but in the most cases the government has been responsible for the violence and independent and opposition media have been the targets. At least 65 journalists are currently detained and more than 60 have fled abroad. Newslast_img read more

Breaking: Uttarakhand HC Declares Law Exempting Former Chief Ministers From Payment Rent For Occupying Govt Bungalows As Unconstitutional [Read Judgment]

first_imgTop StoriesBreaking: Uttarakhand HC Declares Law Exempting Former Chief Ministers From Payment Rent For Occupying Govt Bungalows As Unconstitutional [Read Judgment] Akshita Saxena10 Jun 2020 1:29 AMShare This – xThe Uttarakhand High Court on Tuesday declared that the Uttarakhand Former Chief Ministers Facility Act, 2019 which allows former chief ministers of the State to stay in government bungalows without paying market rent, is “ultra vires”. The division bench comprised by Chief Justice Ramesh Ranganathan and Justice RC Khulbe has held that a Chief Minister, once he demits office, is on…Your free access to Live Law has expiredTo read the article, get a premium account.Your Subscription Supports Independent JournalismSubscription starts from ₹ 599+GST (For 6 Months)View PlansPremium account gives you:Unlimited access to Live Law Archives, Weekly/Monthly Digest, Exclusive Notifications, Comments.Reading experience of Ad Free Version, Petition Copies, Judgement/Order Copies.Subscribe NowAlready a subscriber?LoginThe Uttarakhand High Court on Tuesday declared that the Uttarakhand Former Chief Ministers Facility Act, 2019 which allows former chief ministers of the State to stay in government bungalows without paying market rent, is “ultra vires”. The division bench comprised by Chief Justice Ramesh Ranganathan and Justice RC Khulbe has held that a Chief Minister, once he demits office, is on par with the common man and is not entitled to any preferential treatment, other than security and other protocols. “Once such persons demit the public office earlier held by them, there is nothing to distinguish them from the common man. The public office held by them earlier is a matter of history, and cannot form the basis of a reasonable classification to categorise previous holders of public office as a special category of persons entitled to the benefit of special privileges,” the court observed. The decision has come in a PIL filed by the Rural Litigation and Entitlement Kendra, a Dehradun-based NGO, against the 2019 Act. Background In March 2019, the another division bench of the High Court had in Rural Litigation and Entitlement Kendra Rlek v. State of Uttarakhand & Ors., WP PIL No. 90/2010, had directed the Ex-Chief Ministers to pay the market rent for the bungalows allotted to them by the State Government after they had demitted office as Chief Minister, as also to pay for the various amenities provided to them by the State Government at the cost of the public exchequer. It was held therein that the government bungalows constitute “public property”, and are thus amenable to writ jurisdiction. However in January this year, the Uttarakhand Government enacted the impugned legislation, to exempt the former CMs from paying rent for Government accommodations. The Petitioner-organization had thus moved the High Court, stating that the Act had been made with the specific purpose of over-ruling the abovementioned judgment and was a measure of “statutory over-ruling”. Findings The court has observed that the impugned Act does not serve any public purpose, and it merely confers “undeserved largesse” on the former Chief Ministers. As mentioned above, the bench was of the view that after demitting office, the former Chief Ministers are at par with the common man and therefore, any discrimination between the two is violative of Article 14 of the Constitution. The bench concurred with the Petitioner’s submission that the impugned legislation arbitrarily creates a separate and special class of citizens i.e. former Chief Ministers, and treats them differently from any other citizen of India without a reasonable basis, intelligible differentia or lawful consideration recognised by the Constitution. “Conferment of the benefits, of concessional accommodation, and various other facilities being provided free of cost, on the former Chief Ministers is without any adequate determining principle, excessive and grossly disproportionate, and must, therefore, be held to suffer from manifest arbitrariness and to fall foul of Article 14 of the Constitution,” the court said. The justification put forth by the Government that the former Chief Ministers had rendered priceless service as Chief Ministers and, taking into consideration their contribution and as a reward for the services rendered by them, they have been extended these benefits after they demitted office, was rejected by the Court. Law enacted to overrule a judicial decision violates the doctrine of Separation of Powers The court held that any attempt by the State Legislature to enact a law only to overrule a judicial decision violates the doctrine of separation of powers, an entrenched principle in the Indian Constitution. In context to the ruling of the division bench in RLEK (supra), the court held that “a legislature has no legislative power to render ineffective the earlier judicial decisions by making a law which simply declares the earlier judicial decisions invalid and not binding, for such powers, if exercised, would not be a legislative power exercised by it, but a judicial power exercised by it by encroaching upon the judicial power of the State”. The bench clarified that if the legislature wants to pass a “Validating Act”, it must ensure that that the cause for ineffectiveness or invalidity of the prior Act “must be removed” before validation can be said to take place effectively. “The essence of a validating enactment is a pre-existing act, proceedings or rule being found to be void or illegal with or without a judicial pronouncement of the Court. It is only when an act committed, or a rule in existence or a proceeding taken, is found to be invalid that a Validating Act may validate the same by removing the defect or illegality which is the basis of such invalidity,” the bench expounded. Impugned Act does not suffer from lack of legislative competence of the state legislature During the course of arguments, the Petitioner-organization had also contended that the state Government was not empowered to make laws for “Ex-Chief Ministers”. Rejecting this argument at the outset, the court said that the legislation, though violative of the fundamental rights of the citizens, draws strength from Entry 40 of List II in the Seventh Schedule to the Constitution- “Salaries and Allowances of Ministers for the State”. The court said that it is trite law that Entries have to be given a wide and liberal meaning. In the present case, the court said, though Entry 40 of List II only refers to Ministers, a Chief Minister (who, while heading the Council of Ministers, is also a Minister) would also fall within the ambit of the said Entry. “Giving a wide and liberal meaning to the word “Ministers” in Entry 40 would require Chief Ministers also to be brought within its ambit, and consequently Ex-Chief Ministers also. Accepting the submission, urged on behalf of the petitioner, that Ex-Chief Ministers would not fall within the ambit of Entry 40, would completely denude the State Legislature of the power to make any law relating to Ex-Chief Ministers,” the bench added. Locus Standi of the Petitioner The State Government had argued that the Petitioner-organization does not have a leg to stand in a writ proceeding. Rejecting this argument the court held, “as this Writ Petition is neither actuated by malice nor does the petitioner hold any personal grudge against the respondent-Ex-Chief Ministers, and they have invoked the jurisdiction of this Court in larger public interest, we see no reason to non-suit them on the ground of lack of standing to file the present Writ Petition.” The judgment rendered by the High Court has placed heavy reliance on the Supreme Court’s verdict in Lok Prahiri v. State of UP & Ors., (2016) 8 SCC 389. In the said case, while examining the validity of the UP Ministers (Salaries, Allowances and Miscellaneous Provisions) Act, 1981, the Top Court had held that the Respondents therein “had no entitlement in law to occupy any accommodation, provided by the State Government free of cost, post their demitting office as Chief Ministers.” Click Here To Download Judgment Read Judgment Next Storylast_img read more

Narco Analysis Test Cannot Be Forcibly Conducted On An Individual: SC Held in Selvi vs. State Of Karnataka (2010) [Read Judgment]

first_imgTop StoriesNarco Analysis Test Cannot Be Forcibly Conducted On An Individual: SC Held in Selvi vs. State Of Karnataka (2010) [Read Judgment] Ashok Kini3 Oct 2020 6:23 AMShare This – xThe Uttar Pradesh government has reportedly ordered to conduct polygraphic and narco analysis test on the accused, victim’s relatives and even police officers involved in the probe. This piece intends to examine the legality of ‘ordering’ narco analysis test in the light of a Supreme Court judgment delivered a decade ago in Selvi vs. State Of Karnataka. In Selvi, a three judge bench…Your free access to Live Law has expiredTo read the article, get a premium account.Your Subscription Supports Independent JournalismSubscription starts from ₹ 599+GST (For 6 Months)View PlansPremium account gives you:Unlimited access to Live Law Archives, Weekly/Monthly Digest, Exclusive Notifications, Comments.Reading experience of Ad Free Version, Petition Copies, Judgement/Order Copies.Subscribe NowAlready a subscriber?LoginThe Uttar Pradesh government has reportedly ordered to conduct polygraphic and narco analysis test on the accused, victim’s relatives and even police officers involved in the probe. This piece intends to examine the legality of ‘ordering’ narco analysis test in the light of a Supreme Court judgment delivered a decade ago in Selvi vs. State Of Karnataka. In Selvi, a three judge bench of the Supreme Court observed that the compulsory administration of the techniques like narco analysis tests constitutes ‘cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment’ in the context of Article 21. In conclusion, the court held that no individual should be forcibly subjected to such tests, whether in the context of investigation in criminal cases or otherwise, as the same would amount to an unwarranted intrusion into personal liberty. It was also held that such techniques cannot be read into the statutory provisions which enable medical examination during investigation in criminal cases, i.e. the Explanation to Sections 53, 53-A and 54 of the Code of Criminal Procedure.The judgment, in Para 214, also considered the possibility that the victims of offences could be forcibly subjected to such tests during the course of investigation. “Irrespective of the need to expedite investigations in such cases, no person who is a victim of an offence can be compelled to undergo any of the tests in question. Such a forcible administration would be an unjustified intrusion into mental privacy and could lead to further stigma for the victim.” , the Court had held. It is pertinent to note that the Victim, as per Section 2(wa) of the Code of Criminal Procedure includes includes his or her guardian or legal heir.The court, however, observed that voluntary administration of such techniques in the context of criminal justice is permissible, provided that certain safeguards are in place. “Even when the subject has given consent to undergo any of these tests, the test results by themselves cannot be admitted as evidence because the subject does not exercise conscious control over the responses during the administration of the test. However, any information or material that is subsequently discovered with the help of voluntary administered test results can be admitted, in accordance with Section 27 of the Evidence Act, 1872.”, the court clarified.The judgment finally reproduced ‘Guidelines for the Administration of Polygraph Test (Lie 249 Detector Test) on an Accused’ published by National Human Rights Commission and directed that they should be strictly adhered to and similar safeguards should be adopted for conducting the ‘Narcoanalysis technique’ and the ‘Brain Electrical Activation Profile’ test.(i) No Lie Detector Tests should be administered except on the basis of consent of the accused. An option should be given to the accused whether he wishes to avail such test. (ii) If the accused volunteers for a Lie Detector Test, he should be given access to a lawyer and the physical, emotional and legal implication of such a test should be explained to him by the police and his lawyer. (iii) The consent should be recorded before a Judicial Magistrate. (iv) During the hearing before the Magistrate, the person alleged to have agreed should be duly represented by a lawyer. (v) At the hearing, the person in question should also be told in clear terms that the statement that is made shall not be a ‘confessional’ statement to the Magistrate but will have the status of a statement made to the police. (vi) The Magistrate shall consider all factors relating to the detention including the length of detention and the nature of the interrogation. (vii) The actual recording of the Lie Detector Test shall be done by an independent agency (such as a hospital) and conducted in the presence of a lawyer.(viii) A full medical and factual narration of the manner of the information received must be taken on record.When one reads the judgment holistically, the above guidelines are applicable to conduct tests on victims as well. HC JudgmentsRecently, the Himachal Pradesh High Court observed that it is not legally impermissible to Court to issue direction to a person to undergo Narco Analysis, polygraph and BEAP test, but, such direction shall be subject to consent of said person and the person has a right to elect to consent or refuse to undergo such test.In 2018, Gujarat High Court ordered lie detector, brain mapping and narco-analysis tests on the accused and grandmother, parents of the victim, in a bail application filed by the accused. “For this, the Investigating Officer may do it as a part of the further investigation by informing the trial Court in this regard. If any of the three offer any resistance in this regard then the same by itself will be an indication of their guilty conscience. To level false allegations of sexual assault against any person is something very serious. Ultimately, if such allegations are found to be false, then there is no way, in which, the person against whom such false allegations are levelled can be compensated. In any society, once such allegations are levelled, the entire image of that person as well as the family members of that person would get tarnished. People would start hating them. For no fault on the part of the other family members, they would have to pay a very heavy price.”, Justice JB Pardiwala had observed. Later the Supreme Court set aside this order.Justice Alexander Thomas of Kerala High Court, in Sr. Sephy vs. CBI, observed that “even if it is assumed that the narco analysis tests were conducted on the basis of their consent, since the subject does not exercise conscious control over the responses during the administration of such tests, unless the prosecution agency satisfies the vital requirement that the information materials that subsequently discovered with the help of voluntary administration of test results can be admitted in evidence in accordance with Sec. 27 of the Evidence Act, etc., there is no question of letting any evidence in that area.” Click here to Read/Download JudgmentRead JudgmentNext Storylast_img read more

New car registrations in Donegal for 2018 down over 11%

first_img Google+ By News Highland – January 2, 2019 Twitter Arranmore progress and potential flagged as population grows The total new car registrations for the year 2018 is down over 4%.According to statistics released today by the Society of the Irish Motor Industry the total new car registrations for the year 2018 finished, at 125,557 4.4% down on 2017.In Donegal the total new car registrations from the period January to December 2018 was 2599, down 11.69% from 2017 at 2943.Brian Cooke is Director General Designate of the Society of the Irish Motor Industry:Audio Playerhttp://www.highlandradio.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/01/cooke.mp300:0000:0000:00Use Up/Down Arrow keys to increase or decrease volume. Previous articleFirst salmon of 2019 is caught in DonegalNext articleBuncrana fire causes HSE clinic cancellations News Highland Facebook News, Sport and Obituaries on Monday May 24th DL Debate – 24/05/21 Facebook Twitter New car registrations in Donegal for 2018 down over 11%center_img RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR Pinterest Derry draw with Pats: Higgins & Thomson Reaction WhatsApp Pinterest FT Report: Derry City 2 St Pats 2 Important message for people attending LUH’s INR clinic Google+ AudioHomepage BannerNews WhatsApplast_img read more

Ocean tides under the Filchner-Ronne Ice Shelf, Antarctica

first_imgA depth-averaged finite-difference numerical model has been used to make a preliminary study of the tides under the Filchner‐Ronne Ice Shelf. Open boundary conditions were specified using the global ocean model of Schwiderski. Tidal constituents for the two principal semi-diurnal constituents M2 and S2, and the two principal diurnal constituents Ο1 and K1 were extracted from computed sea-surface elevations by harmonic analysis. Measured values near to the grounding line could only be reproduced satisfactorily by increasing the bottom friction coefficient under the ice to 50 times the open-ocean value. This destroys any agreement near the ice front or at pelagic sites. It is thought that a friction coefficient which varies with distance under the ice would be able to reproduce better all the available measurements. More tidal measurements are required to validate any model of the region with model experiments being used to help pinpoint possible sites for instrument deployment.last_img read more