Farm Life Ecology: A Field & Table Intensive at Green Mountain College

first_imgOn a mid-summer day, the sun rises pretty early over Green Mountain College’s Cerridwen Farm. That’s good – because there’s a lot of work to be done. During GMC’s summer Farm Life Ecology Intensive May 18-August 14, students plow the fields, milk the cows, and plant the crops while taking classes and conducting research on topics like organic agriculture and farm systems.The 13 week-long, 12 credit summer intensive program allows students to manage all elements of the farm’s operation while learning first-hand about sustainable agriculture. Four subject areas comprise the program’s academic core including organic crop and animal management; management of farm systems; development of agricultural technologies with a focus on human and animal power; and the social and cultural importance of regional foods.Students will live in tents on the farm and prepare communal dinners made from produce they grow and harvest. In fact, the goal during the program is to eat only food that is grown or raised on the farm: no processing, no packaging – just fresh produce, eggs, honey, milk and meat.”The experience helps students understand how consumption is tied to production, allowing them to explore issues about energy, agriculture and sustainability,” said Cerridwen Farm Manager Dr. Kenneth Mulder, an experienced organic farmer who also holds a Ph.D. in ecological economics.In their course work, students investigate the theory and practice of traditional means of food preparation. Activities like bread baking, cheese making and canning and preserving food are explored from historical and cultural perspectives. Each week a different student team researches and prepares the communal meals.Students are expected to spend 1-2 hours per week developing a farm research project focused on the efficiency of human and animal powered technologies at Cerridwen Farm (GMC’s resident team of oxen, Lou and Bill, perform plowing and haying). They also devote seven hours per week to keep records on planting, germination, yield and management for a subset of the farm’s crops. And a farmer’s work is never done — students are expected to pitch in about 15 hours per week on farm chores.”The production of food is the most fundamental way in which we relate to the environment,” said Mulder. “While it may be hard to imagine surviving without ipods, cars, and air conditioning, it’s been done before. But we must produce food, and the ways in which we produce food can either exacerbate problems such as global warming and energy shortages or it can become part of the solution. Cerridwen Farm is a place where students can take an active role in the current food revolution that is transforming farming and how we view food.”More information on the intensive can be found at is external)POULTNEY, Vt., March 17 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ –SOURCE Green Mountain College Students at Green Mountain College’s summer farm intensive learn to use draft animals in plowing and haying operations. The College is trying to determine if a family farm can operate profitably without use of fossil fuels. (PRNewsFoto/Green Mountain College)last_img read more

Le Tissier: ‘Players thinking twice about joining Man United’

first_imgManchester United’s struggles during the summer transfer window are due to players beginning to ‘think twice’ about joining the 20-time English champions, Matt Le Tissier has told talkSPORT.The Red Devils were one of the most productive sides early in the transfer window, strengthening in all areas of the pitch with the additions of midfielders Bastian Schweinsteiger and Morgan Schneiderlin, attacker Memphis Depay, defender Matteo Darmian and Argentina goalkeeper Sergio Romero.But things have been quiet at Old Trafford since, with manager Louis van Gaal missing out on a number of top targets, with Barcelona forward Pedro – their most high-profile mark – eventually joining Premier League rivals Chelsea.Widespread reports linked the club to a host of other big names, including Barca striker Neymar, Real Madrid stars Cristiano Ronadlo, Gareth Bale and Sergio Ramos, plus Bayern Munich strike duo Thomas Muller and Robert Lewandowski, but fans were left disappointed.Their need for another quality forward was again highlighted as United slumped to defeat against Swansea on Sunday – their third straight league loss to the Welsh side – as the Jacks came from a goal down to win 2-1 at the Liberty Stadium.And Le Tissier believes players are more hesitant to join the famous club now than under their glory days under former boss Sir Alex Ferguson.“Losing Pedro was a huge blow to Manchester United,” he told the Alan Brazil Sports Breakfast.“They thought that was in the bag, but Chelsea came and pinched him at the last minute and United were left with a bit of egg on their face.“Then, the reaction was all of a sudden stories appearing that United want to buy Sadio Mane, just to try and deflect from the fact they couldn’t get Pedro.“It’s surprising because there were times, when I was playing, when Manchester United were linked with a player and if they wanted him, they got him.“The player went and there was no question – he wanted to join that club.“It does seem at the moment that players are thinking twice about joining Man United, which never happened in the past.”last_img read more